Greenwood Avenue

Greenwood Park

Looking west from Greenwood Avenue over the abandoned brickyard where Greenwood Park will be created later. Note the horses grazing in the distance.

Looking north east Greenwood Avenue Orchard and Logan's Brickyard Chimney

Looking north east Greenwood Avenue Orchard and Logan’s Brickyard Chimney, 1901. This was before Greenwood’s Lane was widened to become Greenwood Avenue.

 

east-from-greenwood

Greenwood Avenue was widened in 1909. Gerrard and Greenwood was a major streetcar junction with Greenwood cars going north-south to Danforth and Queen and Gerrard cars going east-west.

Price House 100 Greenwood Avenue

John Price built this handsome house at 100 Greenwood Avenue. It is a showcase for his “John Price Red”, considered by many to be the best brick ever made in Canada.

Greenwood

The tavern sign shown simply illustrates one possible rendition of a hanging sign for a Puritan tavern. The original sign has long been lost. The house of Frederick Greenwood, son of John and Catherine on Queen at Vancouver Avenue.

Greenwood Park2

Mayor Church and Parks Commissioner Chambers tossing the coin to decide which team will go to bat first at the first ball game in Greenwood Park. This was on the opening day.

Greenwood and Gerrard

Greenwood Avenue looking south from the GTR Tracks 1901

Greenwood Avenue looking south from the GTR Tracks, 1901. Courtesy of the Toronto Public Archives.

 

216-greenwood

216 Greenwood Avenue. Isaac Price, brother to John Price, and also a brickmaker, built and lived in this house.

18990622GL Fire Hutchisons brickyard 99 Greenwood Ave

Globe, June 6, 18999 I will cover Greenwood’s many brickyards in a separate blog.

19301224TS Caulfields Dairy 381 Greenwood Ave

Toronto Star, December 24, 1930

19281207GL Arnolds Market Greenwood CORRECT

Globe, December 7, 1928

19281207GL Arnolds Market Greenwood detail

19250505GL Ruggles Trucks 298 Greenwood

Globe, May 5, 1925

19220918GL H P Wilson Lumber 370 Greenwood

Globe, September 18, 1922

18980326GL Clydesdale Mare for sale 101 Greenwood - Copy

Globe, March 26, 1898

Kate Greenwood

John Greenwood Grave

Greenwood memorials, St. John the Baptist Cemetery, Norway (Kingston Road and Woodbine Ave)

Violet GreenwoodGreenwood4Greenwood3Greenwood2GreenwoodGreenwood rowing

Globe, Nov. 7, 1865 Greenwood's shooting match

Globe, November 7, 1865

Charles Greenwood wins regatta Globe June 14 1880

Charles Greenwood wins regatta Globe June 14 1880

Charles Greenwood wins regatta Globe June 14 1880

19441125gm-william-g-greenwood1.jpg

Globe and Mail, November 25, 1944

19370112GM Greenwood Wise obit

Globe and Mail, January 12, 1937

19320507TS Estate of Joseph Greenwood builder

Toronto Star, May 7, 1932

19280502TS Frederick Greenwood injured Rhodes Ave

Toronto Star, May 2, 1928

19150813GM George Greenwood obit

Globe, August 13, 1915

18950903DailyMailandEmpire John Greenwood

Daily Mail and Empire, September 3, 1895

18820420GL Greenwood Tavern Leslieville

Globe, April 20, 1882

18800614GL Charles Greenwood wins regatta

Globe, June 14, 1880

18680411GL Mary L Johnson Greenwood

Globe, April 11, 1968

pictures-r-1649

A 19th century Carriage works.

19280202TS Sale of brick pit to Wagstaff

Toronto Star, February 2, 1928

Picturing Little India

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20140929-India-Store

20140929-India-Stores-Tall20140929-India-Shopping20140929-India-Sarees20140929-India-Samraat20140929-India-Kohinoor20140929-India-Jubilee20140929-India-Clothes20140929-India-Businessman

Using Photos

All the photos above were from the City of Toronto Archives. This information tells me where to find the photo and similar photos and whether I can legally use this photo.

Archival citation: Fonds 200, Series 1465, File 383

Title: South Riverdale

Date(s) of creation of record(s) 1975-1988

Physical description of record(s) 25 transparencies : col ; 35mm

Forms part of

Fonds 200; Former City of Toronto fonds
Series 1465; Urban Design photographs

Scope and content

File consists of images of Little India along Gerrard East, and the Canada Metal Company building on Carlaw at Rushbrooke, as well as houses in the area.

Subjects

Dundas St E (Toronto, Ont.)
Riverdale (Toronto, Ont. : Neighbourhood)
South Asian Canadians
INDUSTRIAL FACILITIES
HOUSES
STORES

Record consists of

25 [browse]

Access conditions

OPEN – No restrictions on these government records.

Copyright conditions

Copyright is held by the City of Toronto….more

To request records at the archives

Please fill out the Records Request Form available at the Reference Desk, indicating:

Location: Spadina Records Centre

Box: 489347

Folio: 3

Why is this information important?

First of all it identifies the work. It also tells you how to find it (and similar photographs) and how to use it legally.

I’ve been using other people’s photographs for years, but I’ve also worked in the copyright field – only as a lowly clerical. It did sensitize me to the nuances of using other people’s work.

Make no mistake about it – photographs, drawings, paintings, cartoons and other forms of visual media are work. Someone made them, usually with a great deal of thought and care.

That someone owns them. I took the picture below so I don’t need permission to use it. But anyone else would. Even though it doesn’t say “copyright” on it or identify “Joanne Doucette” as the photographer, it is my work and my property.

Hiawatha to Ashdale

To use photographers and other visual images without permission can be, in many cases, against the law.

As an artist myself, I consider use of my work without permission as theft, pure and simple. It’s no different from someone going into my backyard and hauling off a sculpture I made.

So I am careful about how I use and where I use other people’s work.

All businesses, non-profits and individuals that use photographs need to know about the risks (potential liabilities) involved.

This blog is my own point of view and definitely not a legal summary. More about copyright law is easily available on line. For more about copyright, this is an excellent summary.

https://library.ryerson.ca/copyright/resources/general-copyright-information/copyright-basics/

If in doubt, don’t use or talk to the copyright owner, often, in my case, the Toronto Public Library or the City of Toronto Archives.

When don’t I need permission from the copyright owner?

You don’t need permission to use an image (photograph, painting, drawing, etc.) if the copyright has expired. In Canada, the copyright for a work usually expires 50 years after the death of the creator of the artwork, at the end of the calendar year that the creator died. The work is then copyright free or “in the Public Domain”.

For example, famous Canadian photographer William James died in 1948. His work was under copyright until the end of December 1998. After that it was copyright free and still is “in the Public Domain.” This photo below of golfers and a young caddy on the Toronto Golf Club links at Upper Gerrard and Coxwell is “in the Public Domain”. It is still a courtesy to identify the source — in this case, the City of Toronto Archives.

Golfers and Caddie, 1907, by William James, Toronto Golf Club

Photograph by William James.

Famous photographer Yousuf Karsh died in 2002. His photographs won’t be copyright free until the end of December 2052. I will be one hundred years old then so I don’t expect to be posting any of his photos ever.

avalon

The photo above is also from the City of Toronto Archives and is in the Public Domain. That means anyone can use it, even for commercial purposes. It is still an apartment building but instead of having an appliance store it has an Islamic bookstore.

Also, for example, Harald Bauder and Angelica Suorineni wrote “Toronto’s Little India: A Brief Neighbourhood History”. It has excellent photos by Peter Scott. The Toronto Public Library owns the copyright for Peter Scott’s photos. I do not have permission to use them but could if they were for “fair use” including educational purposes. To see them download the PDF of the book. It is free and a great read. You can find it online easily or you can borrow a physical copy from the Toronto Public Library. This is one of the photos from “Toronto’s Little India”. I am using it under “Fair Use” as this is for educational purposes.

Naaz

Photograph by Peter Scott, Toronto Public Library Archives.

tspa_0115216f.jpg

Photo by Erin Combs, 1980, Toronto Star. Used under a Toronto Star License.

This is another photo of the Naaz Theatre. It also comes from the Toronto Public Library. This time I’m using it under a Toronto Star License.

Toronto Star License

Personal, educational, and research

Images from the Toronto Star Photographic Archive on display in the Digital Archive may be downloaded and reproduced in print or electronic format for personal, educational, and research use.

Commercial merchandise and marketing use

This digital image is licensed from Toronto Star Newspapers Limited. If material from the Toronto Star Photographic Archive is published, please contact photosales@torstar.com for permission.

More information on access and use of digital content

High resolution images are available for purchase from the Toronto Star Photo Sales. Please contact photosales@torstar.com for more information.

It is the user’s obligation to determine and satisfy copyright, or other use restrictions (such as donor restrictions, privacy rights, publicity rights, licensing and trademarks) when using images made from our collections.

Here is the information from the Toronto Public Library about this photo.

Spicy strip: Gerrard St. east of Greenwood Ave. is Toronto’s Little India. Naaz cinema (above) is focal point for 43 shops and restaurants selling Asian fare. At left; Chaat Hut owner Krishan Vig and son Ashim Vig stand outside Ashim’s Bar-Be-Que Hut; where tandoori dishes come good and hot.

Picture, 1980, English

Rights and Licenses

Provenance

From the Toronto Star Archives

File Location:

Canada – Ontario – Toronto – Streets and Intersections – Gerrard St

Branch

Location

Branch

Location

Toronto Star Photo Archive

Call Number / Accession Number

tspa_0115216f

The colored photo of the Naaz Theatre was taken by Derek Flack and posted at http://www.blogto.com/city/2011/02/what_ails_little_india/

SEEK AND YE SHALL FIND…MAYBE

If you click on the links you will find more photos of “Little India” or as the local BIA prefers, the Gerrard India Bazaar such as these three below from the Toronto Public Library also under a Toronto Star License.

It also pays to search using different words for the search criteria.

Picture1So say instead of putting “Little India” into the search box at The Toronto Public Library Digital Archives I use another search term.

Picture2

I got more pictures such as these below also used under a Toronto Star License.

tspa_0012516f

Subjects

South Asians protest against racism at recent rally at Queen’s Park. Reader urges a solution to the problem.

Cooper, David

Picture, 1977, English

Rights and Licenses

Toronto Star License

Provenance

From the Toronto Star Archives

File Location:

Racial Discrimination – Canada

Branch

Toronto Reference Library

Location

Baldwin Collection

Branch

Toronto Reference Library

Location

Toronto Star Photo Archive

Call Number / Accession Number

tspa_0012516f

tspa_0023726f

Subjects

Immigration; South Asians in Metro feel delays are deliberate/F4

Bull, Ron

Picture, 1972, English

Rights and Licenses

Toronto Star License

Provenance

From the Toronto Star Archives

File Location:

Immigrants and Immigration – Groups

Branch

Toronto Reference Library

Location

Baldwin Collection

Branch

Toronto Reference Library

Location

Toronto Star Photo Archive

Call Number / Accession Number

tspa_0023726f

One final tip, never assume that the pictures you can find on line at a particular source are all the pictures available. Most are probably not on line. So it pays to contact the Toronto Public Library, the City of Toronto Archives, the Toronto Star, the Globe and Mail, etc. if you want more photos or different photos.

For more info about the Gerrard India Bazaar go to:

http://www.gerrardindiabazaar.com/

 

Ew! On Eastern Ave.

A.R. Clark Tannery Bad odor pix at A.R. Clark Tannery 1970 Toronto Telegram York University

A. R. Clarke Tannery, Bad odor pix at A.R. Clarke Tannery, 1970, Toronto Telegram fonds, York University

2 Clarke Tannery Peterborough

Clarke Tannery Peterborough

Landlord:
That smell’s the tannery; God help you in summer. If there’s one good thing, the rats can’t climb this high, but the water can – that roof hasn’t got long.

Giacomo Casanova:
You’re not exactly selling it.

From the movie Casanova, 2005

Where did it all begin? In 1852 John Clarke opened a small tannery on the Otonabee River in Ashburnham, now part of Peterborough.

In 1882 his three sons, Alfred Russell, Frederick G., and Charles F., moved the tannery to Toronto and Alfred R. Clarke took over sole ownership. The tannery was very successful, but, besides the notoriously bad stench associated with tanneries, it had other problems, including labour unrest.

In 1893 the Working Women’s Protective Association went out on strike by at the A.R. Clarke & Co. glove factory in a fight for factory reform law and votes for women. The strike ran for about three months. Eugene Forsey, Eugene. Trade Unions in Canada, 1812-1902.  (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982) 329- 300.

[Building Permits] A. R. Clarke, a three-story factory in Eastern avenue, to cost $25,000. Globe, Sept. 20, 1900 [at Beachell in Corktown]

In 1902 Alfred R. Clarke moved his tannery from beside the Don River to 633 Eastern Avenue.

A story circulated that, while Clarke was supervising raising the flag (to celebrate the end of construction) from his new building’s roof, all Toronto’s church bells rang and factory whistles shrieked. Though Clarke knew he was a prominent figure in Toronto’s business world, he was, none the less, gratified with the City’s response to his new tannery’s opening.  When he got back to his office he found that the celebrations were for the end of the Boer War, not to welcome the new tannery.

http://www.firstportcredit.com/pages/410/410_51_history.html

3 Toronto Star, June 23, 1905 Cropped

Toronto Star, June 23, 1905 Cropped

ADDITIONS AND MORE ADDITIONS

[Building Permit] A. R. Clarke & Co. – One-storey brick addition to leather works, near Caroline street on Eastern avenue, $1,000. Toronto Star July 18, 1904

…a factory for A.R. Clarke & Co., Ltd., on Eastern avenue, to cost $2,000. Globe, Sept. 20, 1905

5 Toronto Star, June 23, 1905

6 Toronto Star, Sept. 26, 1906

Toronto Star, Sept. 26, 1906

Frederick G., and Charles E. Clarke owned and operated Clarke and Clarke, tannery, while Alfred R. ran A. R. Clarke Co. The other Clarke Brothers specialized in leather pickled in brine while A. R. Clarke specialized in patent leather and fine leather products such as gloves. For a while Frederick and Charles considered building a new tannery on Carlaw Avenue.

Dr. Brown, the first speaker, said that the tannery would be right next door to his fine new residence.

“I have invested $15,000 there, the savings of a lifetime,” he said. “No one can tell me that there will be no odor from hides in pickle.”

“I am afraid it may interfere with my church, which is within 200 yards, said Rev. Mr. Frizzell of Leslieville Presbyterian church. This is a very thickly-populated residential district.”

Toronto Star, Sept. 26, 1906

7 Toronto Star, Oct. 2, 1906

8 Globe, Oct. 9, 1906

Globe, Oct. 9, 1906

“I’m glad we’re going,” said one woman.

“Why – because of the odor of the tannery?” asked The Star.

“Not that particularly. You see, there are so many odors around here that it is almost impossible to make distinguish any particular one.”

Toronto Star, Oct. 2, 1906

9 Toronto Star, Oct. 9, 1906

Toronto Star, Oct. 9, 1906

4 Globe, May 16, 1907

Globe, May 16, 1907

11 History of the Twelfth Regiment, York Rangers, 1913

History of the Twelfth Regiment, York Rangers, 1913

GLOVE MAKERS WANTED FOR light work; inseam and trimmer machines. A. R. Clarke & Co., Limited, 633-661 Eastern avenue.

Globe, June 3, 1913

12 Postcard Atlantic Record

12 Globe, March 22, 1915

Globe, March 22, 1915

12 Globe, May 7, 1915

Globe, May 7, 1915

This advertisement is from the day before a German U-boat torpedoed R.M.S. Lusitania.

Lusitania12 Postcard

10 Globe, May 5, 1908

12 Sinking ship13 The Aftermath

11g Globe, June 21, 1915

Globe, June 21, 1915

Elbert Hubbard the founder of Roycroft, died on the Lusitania as well as many other celebrities and many wealthy men, women and children. Hundreds of second and third class passengers drowned as well.  Alfred R. Clarke survived the sinking only to die of pneumonia afterwards. The vortex from the sunken liner sucked Clarke far under the surface. The incredible water pressure crushed his chest, puncturing his lungs.

 

 

 

 

11j Toronto Star, June 21, 1915

Toronto Star, June 21, 1915

Toronto Star, June 21, 1915

Toronto Star, June 21, 1915

1

Toronto Star, June 21, 1915

2

Toronto Star, June 21, 1915

12

Globe, July 5, 1915

14 Globe, July 8, 1915

Globe, July 8, 1915

14a Globe, July 8, 1915b

Globe, July 8, 1915

14b Globe, July 8, 1915c

Globe, July 8, 1915

15 Enlist

16 Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1983-28-132317 But What Tremendous Fleet Could Have Brought over such An Army The Lusitania. July 6, 1918, Library and Archives Canada

But! What Tremendous Fleet Could Ever Have Brought Over Such an Army? – The Lusitania. July 6, 1918, Library and Archives Canada

19190911GL Clarke tannery heir scandal Booth woman

Scandal Tannery Heir sued, Globe September 11, 1919

A. R. Clarke’s son Griffith B. ran the tannery until he died in an accident in 1923. Then Clarke’s widow ran the business herself.

17 Toronto Star, May 20, 1919

Toronto Star, May 20, 1919

18 Toronto Star, June 7, 1919

Toronto Star, June 7, 1919

19 The municipality of Toronto, p 260

Biography of Frederick G. Clarke, The Municipality of Toronto, 260

 

tannery-ashbridges-bay-1926-toronto-public-library

Tannery, Ashbridge’s Bay, 1926. Toronto Public Library.

19260510GL A R Clarke ad - Copy

Globe, May 10, 1926

Heavy Water Damage at Clarke Company Fire

Heavy damage by water was done last night to the stock of the A.R. Clarke Company, manufacturers of leather goods, 633 Eastern Avenue, when water sprinklers flooded four floors of the building. A small fire started about 10.30 on the fourth floor, near a clothing room. Sprinklers were set in operation, and before fireman could shut off the water, all floors were flooded.

The superintendent of the firm stated he could not estimate the loss last night, but though it would be several thousand dollars. The cause of the fire is not known.

Globe, Nov. 6, 1926

On the death of Mrs. A. R. Clarke,in 1931,  her son-in-law, W. H. Lytle became company president of the tannery until he died in 1961. The family remained involved in the business for years.

19b Globe, Dec. 18, 1931

Globe, Dec. 18, 1931

20 Globe and Mail, Oct. 6, 1942

Globe and Mail, Oct. 6, 1942

20a Globe and Mail, Sept. 16, 1947

Globe and Mail, Sept. 16, 1947

20b Globe and Mail, Nov. 2, 1949

Globe and Mail, Nov. 2, 1949

In the 1960s A. R. Clarke & Co. Limited expanded by buying The Breithaupt Leather Co. Limited of Kitchener with tanneries in Hastings and Campbellford. See the May 1967 “Centennial Issue” of Industrial Canada held in the Western Libraries at the University of Western Ontario.  http://www.lib.uwo.ca/programs/companyinformationcanada/ccc-ARClarke.htm

20c Globe and Mail, Aug. 24, 1962

Globe and Mail, Aug. 24, 1962

Globe and Mail, Aug. 15, 1962 photo

Globe and Mail, Aug. 15, 1962 photo

picket A. R. CLARKE tannery plant 1963 TPL TStar lic

Picket outside A. R. CLARKE tannery, 1963 Toronto Star photograph used under a Toronto Star license and accessed at the Toronto Public Library.

20c Globe and Mail, Feb. 10, 1964

Globe and Mail, Feb. 10, 1964

21 Clarke Tannery (lower left) February, 1967 Archives of Ontario

21 Clarke Tannery (lower left) February, 1967 Archives of Ontario

22 Clarke Tannery (Middle) February, 1967 Archives of Ontario

22 Clarke Tannery (Middle) February, 1967 Archives of Ontario

23 Clarke Tannery (center) February, 1967 Archives of Ontario. Canada Metals far left

23 Clarke Tannery (center) February, 1967 Archives of Ontario. Canada Metals far left

On March 27, 2001, fire destroyed the A.R. Clarke Limited building as it was being renovated to convert it into a film sound stage. The tannery on Eastern Avenue was in receivership at the time.

Workers dismantling the pipes inside the building were welding with acetylene torches while the sprinkler system was shut off. More than 100 firefighters and more than 30 fire trucks fought the fire. Police evacuated nearby businesses and homes were evacuated as flames shot into the sky.

Spilled degreasing chemicals over the years of operation contaminated the tannery land and the groundwater.

25 Toronto Star, June 28, 2001

Toronto Star, March 28, 2001

26 Toronto Star, June 28, 2001 text

23 Toronto Star, March 29, 2001 photo

Toronto Star, June 29, 2001

24 Toronto Star, March 29, 2001 text

Toronto Star, June 29, 2001

CASANOVA

Landlord: That smell’s the tannery; God help you in summer. If there’s one good thing, the rats can’t climb this high, but the water can — that roof hasn’t got long. Giacomo Casanova: You’re not exactly selling it. From www.quotes.net

Ayrshire CF 1873