Sources Black History

 

 

 

“Farewell, ole Maser, don’t think hard of me, I’m going on to Canada, where all the slaves are free”

 

More sources from research Feb. 6, 2020

There are many interesting stories here, including harrowing memories of life under slavery and escape up the Underground Railroad. All come from research done today and I hope these stories will be of interest and use to others who want to know about Black History in Canada, and particularly in Ontario. Joanne Doucette

19300915 Josiah Henson grave, The Windsor Star, Sep 15, 1930
Josiah Henson grave, The Windsor Star, Sep 15, 1930
18571010 GL Former slaves Carribean, Globe, Oct. 10, 1857
Former slaves Carribean, Globe, Oct. 10, 1857
18630420 GL White men refuse to serve on jury, Globe, April 20, 1863
White men refuse to serve on jury, Globe, April 20, 1863
18970216 GL quote Hubbard, Globe, Feb. 16, 1897
quote Hubbard, Globe, Feb. 16, 1897
18990223 TS Elizabeth Walters, Toronto Star, Feb. 23, 1899
Elizabeth Walters, Toronto Star, Feb. 23, 1899
18990408 Rebuttal to Willison of The Globe and racism, Times Colonist (Victoria, BC), Mar. 8, 1899
Rebuttal to Willison of The Globe and racism, Times Colonist (Victoria, BC), Mar. 8, 1899
19030608 George Washington, Leamington, ON, The Windsor Star, Jun 8, 1903
George Washington, Leamington, ON, The Windsor Star, Jun 8, 1903
19040428 Burwell Trimble, Welland Ottawa Citizen, April 28, 1904
Burwell Trimble, Welland, Ottawa Citizen, April 28, 1904
19071102 Henry Johnston, Oakville, The Gazette (Montreal) Nov. 12, 1907
Henry Johnston, Oakville, The Gazette (Montreal) Nov. 12, 1907
19080525 First Baptist Church, Windsor, ON, The Windsor Star, May 23, 1908
First Baptist Church, Windsor, ON, The Windsor Star, May 23, 1908
19081001 Rev. Alex Mans, London, ON, The Province (Victoria, BC) Oct. 1, 1908
Rev. Alex Mans, London, ON, The Province (Victoria, BC) Oct. 1, 1908
19091009 Margaret Moore, Windsor, ON, The Gazette (Montreal) Oct. 1, 1909
Margaret Moore, Windsor, ON, The Gazette (Montreal) Oct. 1, 1909
19101119 GL Attempted Lynching Ontario Globe, November 19, 1910
Attempted Lynching Ontario Globe, November 19, 1910
19120508 William (Bush) Johnston, Windsor, The Windsor Star, May 8, 1912
William “Bush” Johnston, Windsor, The Windsor Star, May 8, 1912
19130207 Harriet Wright, Ingersoll, The Ottawa Journal, Feb. 7, 1913
Harriet Wright, Ingersoll, The Ottawa Journal, Feb. 7, 1913
19130519 Josiah Henson descendants, Saskatoon Daily Star, May 19, 1913
Josiah Henson descendants, Saskatoon Daily Star, May 19, 1913
19130920 Wilson lecture 23 years in slavery, Saskatoon Daily Star, Sep. 20, 1913
Wilson lecture 23 years in slavery, Saskatoon Daily Star, Sep. 20, 1913
19140113 George Wilson describes slave auctions, Edmonton Journal, Jan. 13, 1914
George Wilson describes slave auctions, Edmonton Journal, Jan. 13, 1914
19140212 GL Annie Jackson, Hamilton court case Globe, Feb. 12, 1914
Annie Jackson, Hamilton court case Globe, Feb. 12, 1914
19140701 GL Annie Jackson, Hamilton, wins case Globe, July 1, 1914
Annie Jackson, Hamilton, wins case Globe, July 1, 1914
19150421 TS Nolan Johnson dies 110 years old, Toronto Star, April 21, 1915
Nolan Johnson dies 110 years old, Toronto Star, April 21, 1915
19180323 GL Louisa Diggs, Hamilton, Globe, March 23, 1918
Louisa Diggs, Hamilton, Globe, March 23, 1918
19181007 John Moffatt, Windsor, Windsor Star, October 7, 1918
John Moffatt, Windsor, Windsor Star, October 7, 1918
19200505 Aaron Jacobs, Kingsville, ON, The Windsor Star, May 5, 1920
Aaron Jacobs, Kingsville, ON, The Windsor Star, May 5, 1920
19210209 GL A defense of the KKK Letter to Editor, Globe, Feb. 9, 1921 1
A defense of the KKK Letter to Editor, Globe, Feb. 9, 1921
19210209 GL A defense of the KKK Letter to Editor, Globe, Feb. 9, 1921 2
A defense of the KKK Letter to Editor, Globe, Feb. 9, 1921
19210209 GL A defense of the KKK Letter to Editor, Globe, Feb. 9, 1921 3
A defense of the KKK Letter to Editor, Globe, Feb. 9, 1921
19220918 Cornelius Thompson, Blenheim, 800 dollars at slave auction, The Gazette, Sep. 18, 1922
Cornelius Thompson, Blenheim, 800 dollars at slave auction, The Gazette (Montreal), Sep. 18, 1922
19220918 Cornelius Thompson, Blenheim, ON, The Ottawa Journal, Sep. 18, 1922
Cornelius Thompson, Blenheim, ON, The Ottawa Journal, Sep. 18, 1922
19240324 GL Lloyd Graves, St. Thomas, Globe, March 24, 1924
Lloyd Graves, St. Thomas, Globe, March 24, 1924
19260222 GL Lloyd Graves, 102 yrs old, Globe, Feb. 22, 1926
Lloyd Graves, 102 yrs old, Globe, Feb. 22, 1926
19271001 BME Church built at night by former slaves, The Windsor Star, Oct. 1, 1927
BME Church built at night by former slaves, The Windsor Star, Oct. 1, 1927
19280301 TS Lloyd Graves dead at 104, Toronto Star, March 1, 1928
Lloyd Graves dead at 104, Toronto Star, March 1, 1928
19280302 GL Lloyd Graves obituary, Globe, March 2, 1928
Lloyd Graves obituary, Globe, March 2, 1928
19280623 Served in Union Army, Winnipeg Tribune, June 23, 1928
Served in Union Army, Winnipeg Tribune, June 23, 1928
19280802 Great gathering Amherstburg, ON, The Windsor Star, Aug. 2, 1928
Great gathering Amherstburg, ON, The Windsor Star, Aug. 2, 1928
19281229 James (Daddy) Wilson, Welland remembers slavery, The Winnipeg Tribune, Dec. 29, 1928
James (Daddy) Wilson, Welland remembers slavery, The Winnipeg Tribune, Dec. 29, 1928
19300322 James Wilson, Welland, ON, Edmonton Journal, Mar. 22, 1930
James Wilson, Welland, ON, Edmonton Journal, Mar. 22, 1930
19300814 Washington Wilson, Goyeau Ave, Windsor, ON, The Windsor Star, Aug 14 1930
Washington Wilson, Goyeau Ave, Windsor, ON, The Windsor Star, Aug 14 1930
19311105 Ouelettes and the Underground Railroad, The Windsor Star, Nov. 5, 1932
Ouelettes and the Underground Railroad, The Windsor Star, Nov. 5, 1932
19320708 Annie Thompson remembers slavery, Edmonton Journal, Jul 8, 1932 1
Annie Thompson remembers slavery, Edmonton Journal, Jul 8, 1932
19320708 Annie Thompson remembers slavery, Edmonton Journal, Jul 8, 1932 2
Annie Thompson remembers slavery, Edmonton Journal, Jul 8, 1932 2
19330824 TS Catherine Deveaux 104th birthday, Toronto Star, August 24, 1933
Catherine Deveaux 104th birthday, Toronto Star, August 24, 1933
19330825 GL Katherine Deveaux, Globe, Aug. 25, 1933
Katherine Deveaux, Globe, Aug. 25, 1933
19340210 TS AME Church founding celebration Oakville, Toronto Star, Feb. 10, 1934
AME Church founding celebration Oakville, Toronto Star, Feb. 10, 1934
19340621 GL Katherine Deveaux votes at 103, Globe, June 21, 1934
Katherine Deveaux votes at 103, Globe, June 21, 1934
19340626 GL Katherine Deveaux dies in fire, Globe, June 26, 1934 1
Katherine Deveaux dies in fire, Globe, June 26, 1934
19340626 GL Katherine Deveaux dies in fire, Globe, June 26, 1934 2
Katherine Deveaux dies in fire, Globe, June 26, 1934
19340626 GL Katherine Deveaux dies in fire, Globe, June 26, 1934 3
Katherine Deveaux dies in fire, Globe, June 26, 1934
19340626 GL Katherine Deveaux dies in fire, Globe, June 26, 1934 4
Katherine Deveaux dies in fire, Globe, June 26, 1934
19350306 TS Daughter of slave passes away Toronto Star, March 6, 1935
Daughter of slave passes away Toronto Star, March 6, 1935
19350314 Richard B Harrison, London, Ontario, The Winnipeg Tribune 3
Richard B Harrison, London, Ontario, The Winnipeg Tribune, March 14, 1935
19350314 Richard B Harrison, London, Ontario, The Winnipeg Tribune
Richard B Harrison, London, Ontario, The Winnipeg Tribune, March 14, 1935
19350314 Richard B Harrison, London, Ontario, The Winnipeg Tribune 2
Richard B Harrison, London, Ontario, The Winnipeg Tribune, March 14, 1935
19350314 Richard Berry Harrison, Ottawa Journal, March 14, 1935
Richard Berry Harrison, Ottawa Journal, March 14, 1935
19350314 Richard Berry Harrison, The Winnipeg Tribune1
Richard Berry Harrison, The Winnipeg Tribune, March 14, 1935
19350731 Big Celebration, The Windsor Star, Jul. 31, 1935
Big Celebration, The Windsor Star, Jul. 31, 1935
19350802 Emancipation Day, Windsor, Windsor Star, Aug. 2, 1935 1
Emancipation Day, Windsor, Windsor Star, Aug. 2, 1935
19350802 Emancipation Day, Windsor, Windsor Star, Aug. 2, 1935 2
Emancipation Day, Windsor, Windsor Star, Aug. 2, 1935
19360823 Coloured people human Mammy Sampson, Edmonton_Journal, Aug. 28, 1936
Coloured people human Mammy Sampson, Edmonton_Journal, Aug. 28, 1936
19360826 GL Hattie Thompson, Edmonton, AB Globe, Aug. 26, 1936
Hattie Thompson, Edmonton, AB, Globe, Aug. 26, 1936
19360826 Hattie Thompson recalled beatings in Kentucky, The Windsor Star, Aug. 26, 1936
Hattie Thompson recalled beatings in Kentucky, The Windsor Star, Aug. 26, 1936
19360826 Hattie Thompson, Edmonton, cruel treatment, The Gazette (Montreal), Aug. 26. 1936
Hattie Thompson, Edmonton, cruel treatment, The Gazette (Montreal), Aug. 26. 1936
19361016 Katie Smythe (Brooker), Amherstburg, ON, The Windsor Star, Oct. 16, 1936
Katie Smythe (Brooker), Amherstburg, ON, The Windsor Star, Oct. 16, 1936
19370510 Nails for church handmade by former slaves, The Windsor Star, May 10, 1937
Nails for church handmade by former slaves, The Windsor Star, May 10, 1937
19371026 Walter Graham Prather, Preeceville, SK, The Leader Post, Oct. 26, 1937
Walter Graham Prather, Preeceville, SK, The Leader Post, Oct. 26, 1937
19380105 Former slave tries to enlist World War One, The Winnipeg Tribune, Jan. 5, 1938
Former slave tries to enlist World War One, The Winnipeg Tribune, Jan. 5, 1938
19380105 George Brooks, Winnipeg, The Windsor Star, Jan. 5, 1938
George Brooks, Winnipeg, The Windsor Star, Jan. 5, 1938
19380217 First Baptist Church, Windsor, The Windsor Star, Feb. 17, 1938
First Baptist Church, Windsor, The Windsor Star, Feb. 17, 1938
19380427 William Gales, Whonnack, BC, The Chilliwack Progress, Apr. 27, 1938
William Gales, Whonnack, BC, The Chilliwack Progress, Apr. 27, 1938
19381011 GM Amanda Graves, Samuel Irons, Annie Leonard, Globe and Mail, October 11, 1938
Amanda Graves, Samuel Irons, Annie Leonard, Globe and Mail, October 11, 1938
19381110 TS Remembering Slavery
Remembering Slavery, Toronto Star, Nov. 10, 1938
19381110 TS Remembering Slavery1
Remembering Slavery, Toronto Star, Nov. 10, 1938
19381110 TS Remembering Slavery2
Remembering Slavery, Toronto Star, Nov. 10, 1938
19381110 TS Remembering Slavery3
Remembering Slavery, Toronto Star, Nov. 10, 1938
19381110 TS Remembering Slavery4
Remembering Slavery, Toronto Star, Nov. 10, 1938
19381110 TS Remembering Slavery, Toronto Star, Nov. 10, 19385
Remembering Slavery, Toronto Star, Nov. 10, 1938
19400117 John Baker, Cornwall, ON, The Gazette (Montreal) , Jan. 17, 1940
John Baker, Cornwall, ON, The Gazette (Montreal) , Jan. 17, 1940 (see bottom of item)
19410402 GM John Brown plotted in Chatham, Jeff Davis in Toronto, Globe and Mail, April 2, 1941 1
John Brown plotted in Chatham, Jeff Davis in Toronto, Globe and Mail, April 2, 1941
19410402 GM John Brown plotted in Chatham, Jeff Davis in Toronto, Globe and Mail, April 2, 1941 2
John Brown plotted in Chatham, Jeff Davis in Toronto, Globe and Mail, April 2, 1941
19410402 GM John Brown plotted in Chatham, Jeff Davis in Toronto, Globe and Mail, April 2, 1941 3
John Brown plotted in Chatham, Jeff Davis in Toronto, Globe and Mail, April 2, 1941
19410402 GM John Brown plotted in Chatham, Jeff Davis in Toronto, Globe and Mail, April 2, 1941 4
John Brown plotted in Chatham, Jeff Davis in Toronto, Globe and Mail, April 2, 1941
19410402 GM John Brown plotted in Chatham, Jeff Davis in Toronto, Globe and Mail, April 2, 1941 5
John Brown plotted in Chatham, Jeff Davis in Toronto, Globe and Mail, April 2, 1941
19430324 Jennie Walker, Brantford, ON, The Ottawa Journal, Mar. 24, 1943
Jennie Walker, Brantford, ON, The Ottawa Journal, Mar. 24, 1943
19430324 Jennie Walker, slave at Lynchburg, The Ottawa Citizen, Mar. 24, 1943
Jennie Walker, slave at Lynchburg, The Ottawa Citizen, Mar. 24, 1943
19430713 John Ware, cowboy, Calgary, Herald, Jul. 13, 1943
John Ware, cowboy, Calgary, Herald, Jul. 13, 1943
19441114 Sylvia Stark, part of Black migration to Vancouver Island during slavery, The Vancouver Sun, Nov. 14, 1944
Sylvia Stark, part of Black migration to Vancouver Island during slavery, The Vancouver Sun, Nov. 14, 1944
19441115 Sylvia Stark, Salt Spring Island, Nanaimo Daily News, Nov. 15, 1944
Sylvia Stark, Salt Spring Island, Nanaimo Daily News, Nov. 15, 1944
19461203 Amelie Morris, The Vancouver Sun, Dec. 3, 1946
Amelie Morris, The Vancouver Sun, Dec. 3, 1946
19461225 Black Bella, Walters Falls, ON, Richmond Review (Richmond, BC) Dec. 25, 1946 1
Black Bella, Walters Falls, ON, Richmond Review (Richmond, BC) Dec. 25, 1946
19461225 Black Bella, Walters Falls, ON, Richmond Review (Richmond, BC) Dec. 25, 1946 2
Black Bella, Walters Falls, ON, Richmond Review (Richmond, BC) Dec. 25, 1946
19480203 No Blacks Allowed, Bob-Lo Island & The Underground Railroad, The Windsor Star, Feb. 3, 1948
No Blacks Allowed, Bob-Lo Island and The Underground Railroad, The Windsor Star, Feb. 3, 1948
19480507 George St. Pierre Brooks, Nanaimo Daily News, May 7, 1948
George St. Pierre Brooks, Nanaimo Daily News, May 7, 1948
19480507 George St. Pierre Brooks, The Ottawa Journal, May 7, 1948
George St. Pierre Brooks, The Ottawa Journal, May 7, 1948
19571009 TS Odetta in Toronto, Toronto Star, October 9, 1957
Odetta in Toronto, Toronto Star, October 9, 1957
19590810 TS Dan Cheney, Old Time Fiddler, Wingham, Toronto Star, August 10, 1959
Dan Cheney, Old Time Fiddler, Wingham, Toronto Star, August 10, 1959
19680928 GM A Canadian integrates Peyton Place1
A Canadian integrates Peyton Place, Globe and Mail, September 28, 1968
19680928 GM A Canadian integrates Peyton Place2
A Canadian integrates Peyton Place, Globe and Mail, September 28, 1968
19070419 GL Death of Wm Mallory, Hamilton, Globe, April 19, 1907
Death of Wm Mallory, Hamilton, Globe, April 19, 1907
19480507 George St. Pierre Brooks, Winnipeg, The Lethbridge Herald, May 7, 1948
George St. Pierre Brooks, Winnipeg, The Lethbridge Herald, May 7, 1948
194702623 Wilberforce Institute, Chatham, ON, The Windsor Star, Jun. 23, 1947
Wilberforce Institute, Chatham, ON, The Windsor Star, Jun. 23, 1947

 

Research 2019 (and before)

1861 Census
Globe, September 14, 1880
1851 Census Stephen Sea, Alonzo Gray, Smith Walker, “Negro” James Allanson, Thomas Wilson, James French…all lived near and probably in Daniel O’Sullivan’s Blacksmith Arms Hotel on Kingston Road near Lee Avenue. This was a year after the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act. No wonder someone didn’t want to give his name.
1851 Census, Samuel and Rachel Sewell and family, Leslieville
1861 Census James Barry (also spelled Berry)
18610000-census-samuel-sewell-rachel-sewell-and-robert-johnson
1861 Samuel Sewell, Rachel Sewell and Robert Johnson, Leslieville
1871 Census James Berry and his family, Leslieville
1871 Census Samuel Sewell and William and Walter Winders

Samuel Sewell death, May 11, 1873 from the ledgers of The Necopolis Cemetery

More to come

More will be posted over the coming days. Please share this material.

Joanne Doucette, historian, Leslieville Historical Society

Discover

Why not research your own history? A great place to start is the Local History collection in your public library.

Another source

My history has a lot of information about those who escaped slavery to live here. It is available free on line at:

https://archive.org/details/PigsFlowersAndBricksFeb32017/page/n1?q=Leslieville



HENRY LEWIS WAS A ICE MERCHANT AND LEADER IN LESLIEVILLE’S BLACK COMMUNITY.
Globe, April 15, 1851

From early on ice from Ashbridge’s Bay was cut and sold by settlers like the Ashbridges.  Some who exploited this resource were the black entrepreneurs, the Cary (or Carey) Brothers. George, Isaac, John and Thomas Cary came from Virginia to Toronto in the 1830s where they opened several barber shops. (In 1856 Thomas Cary married Mary Ann Shadd, the publisher of the Provincial Freeman.) Their workers in the ice business were often black men who had escaped slavery. In 1854, Thomas Cary and Richard B. Richards opened four ice houses. Some of the ice came from the Yorkville springs; some is reported to have come from Ashbridge’s Bay:

Ice! Ice!! Ice!!! The Undersigned begs to return his best thanks to his customers, for the liberal patronage he has received for the last nine years, and to announce that he has enlarged and added to the number of his Ice Houses, having now four which are filled with pure and wholesome Spring Water Ice, from Yorkville. He is prepared to supply the same to consumers, by contract or otherwise, during the season, commencing from the 1st of June next. The Ice will be conveyed by waggon daily, to places within six miles of Toronto. All orders sent to Thomas F. Cary, hairdresser, Front Street, two doors from Church Street, will be punctually attended to. R.B. Richards, Toronto April 19, 1854.(Globe, August 27, 1855.)

 

 
 


HENRY LEWIS WAS A ICE MERCHANT AND LEADER IN LESLIEVILLE’S BLACK COMMUNITY.
Globe, April 15, 1851

From early on ice from Ashbridge’s Bay was cut and sold by settlers like the Ashbridges.  Some who exploited this resource were the black entrepreneurs, the Cary (or Carey) Brothers. George, Isaac, John and Thomas Cary came from Virginia to Toronto in the 1830s where they opened several barber shops. (In 1856 Thomas Cary married Mary Ann Shadd, the publisher of the Provincial Freeman.) Their workers in the ice business were often black men who had escaped slavery. In 1854, Thomas Cary and Richard B. Richards opened four ice houses. Some of the ice came from the Yorkville springs; some is reported to have come from Ashbridge’s Bay:

Ice! Ice!! Ice!!! The Undersigned begs to return his best thanks to his customers, for the liberal patronage he has received for the last nine years, and to announce that he has enlarged and added to the number of his Ice Houses, having now four which are filled with pure and wholesome Spring Water Ice, from Yorkville. He is prepared to supply the same to consumers, by contract or otherwise, during the season, commencing from the 1st of June next. The Ice will be conveyed by waggon daily, to places within six miles of Toronto. All orders sent to Thomas F. Cary, hairdresser, Front Street, two doors from Church Street, will be punctually attended to. R.B. Richards, Toronto April 19, 1854.(Globe, August 27, 1855.)

 

 
 

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